What Are The Different Types of Eye Surgery

It’s not uncommon to need some type of vision correction. However, not everyone is willing to invest in glasses or contact lenses to improve their eyesight. For this reason, long-term solutions through surgery are becoming an increasingly popular option. The advancements in vision correction surgery have had a very positive impact on many people who consider it a worthwhile investment. However, it’s normal to have some concerns about eye surgery and to even feel a little overwhelmed about the many options. Although your ophthalmologist can give you the best idea of your best options, here’s what to know about the laser eye surgery options we offer at our Hamilton office.


Not to be confused with LASIK, this option is another type of corrective refractive eye surgery. During this procedure, an extremely-precise laser creates a flap in which epithelial cells are loosened. This is done by applying an alcohol solution. The laser will reshape the cornea and the flap will be set. A soft contact lens is used in order to foster healing around the entire area of correction. This procedure is used to treat farsightedness, nearsightedness, and astigmatism


PRK (photorefractive keratectomy) is another type of refractive surgery and uses a laser to reshape the cornea. It only reshapes the surface of the cornea, and works well to treat moderate nearsightedness, astigmatism, and farsightedness. It can be used with computer imaging technology for reliable and precise results.


ALK (automated lamellar keratoplasty) is beneficial to those who suffer from severe nearsightedness but can be used to help those who are farsighted too. This procedure requires the ophthalmologist to create a flap in the top layers of the eye to access the tissue underneath. The physician will make an incision in the sub-layer in order to correct and reshape the cornea.


RE (refractive lens exchange) can correct cataracts. A small incision is made in order to remove the natural lens, and the lens is replaced with a specialized plastic or silicone lens. This procedure will correct severe nearsightedness or farsightedness. It can also benefit dry eyes and other minor eye issues.


This is one of the most well-known eye surgeries that can reshape the underlying corneal tissue. Its goal is to reshape the cornea to focus light into the eye for better vision. This benefits those who are farsighted, nearsighted, or those who have astigmatism.



This procedure separates a thin layer of the cornea. The underlying tissue is then reshaped or replaced. A soft contact lens is applied in order to protect the flap until fully healed.

Phakic Intraocular Lens Implants

This procedure is best for patients who are very nearsighted. An implant is inserted through a tiny incision at the edge of the cornea. The eye’s natural lens is left in place.


This is a presbyopic lens exchange. A multifocal lens is implanted in order to restore focus and improve flexibility.


AK (astigmatic keratotomy) is performed without using a laser and corrects the corneas. The cornea, after surgery, is able to relax and return to its rounded shape, correcting astigmatism. AK can be performed along with other laser eye surgeries or alone.


Intacs stands for intracorneal ring segments. A tiny incision is made in the cornea and two plastic rings are put into the outer edge in order to make it flat. This allows for better and more accurate focus to the retina.

Schedule a Consultation

There are many different options available, but your ophthalmologist can recommend the right ones for you. To learn more and get started, contact Campus Eye Group by calling or filling out our online form.

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